New PDF release: A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of

By Pradyot Patnaik

ISBN-10: 047013495X

ISBN-13: 9780470134955

ISBN-10: 0471714585

ISBN-13: 9780471714583

The definitive advisor to the detrimental houses of chemical compounds

Correlating chemical constitution with toxicity to people and the surroundings, and the chemical constitution of compounds to their damaging houses, A finished consultant to the damaging homes of chemical compounds, 3rd Edition permits clients to evaluate the toxicity of a substance even if no experimental info exists. therefore, it bridges the space among detrimental fabrics and chemistry. broadly up-to-date and increased, this reference:

  • Examines organics, metals and inorganics, commercial solvents, universal gases, particulates, explosives, and radioactive components, protecting every thing from toxicity and carcinogenicity to flammability and explosive reactivity to dealing with and disposal practices
  • Arranges harmful chemical compounds based on their chemical constructions and sensible teams for simple reference
  • contains up to date details at the poisonous, flammable, and explosive homes of chemical compounds
  • Covers extra metals within the chapters on poisonous and reactive metals
  • Updates the brink publicity limits within the office air for a couple of components
  • positive factors the most recent info on business solvents and poisonous and flammable gases
  • contains various tables, formulation, and a thesaurus for fast reference

since it offers details that permits people with a chemistry history to accomplish exams with out previous facts, this entire reference appeals to chemists, chemical engineers, toxicologists, and forensic scientists, in addition to commercial hygienists, occupational physicians, Hazmat pros, and others in comparable fields.Content:
Chapter 1 Acids, Carboxylic (pages 103–114):
Chapter 2 Acids, Mineral (pages 115–126):
Chapter three Acids, Peroxy (pages 127–133):
Chapter four Alcohols (pages 134–159):
Chapter five Aldehydes (pages 160–192):
Chapter 6 Alkalies (pages 193–199):
Chapter 7 Alkaloids (pages 200–234):
Chapter eight Amines, Aliphatic (pages 235–250):
Chapter nine Amines, fragrant (pages 251–268):
Chapter 10 Asbestos (pages 269–276):
Chapter eleven Azo Dyes (pages 277–285):
Chapter 12 Chlorohydrins (pages 286–293):
Chapter thirteen Cyanides, natural (Nitriles) (pages 294–316):
Chapter 14 Cyanides, Inorganic (pages 317–335):
Chapter 15 Dioxin and similar Compounds (pages 336–347):
Chapter sixteen Epoxy Compounds (pages 348–369):
Chapter 17 Esters (pages 370–389):
Chapter 18 Ethers (pages 390–401):
Chapter 19 Gases, universal poisonous, and Flammable (pages 402–409):
Chapter 20 Glycol Ethers (pages 410–424):
Chapter 21 Haloethers (pages 425–437):
Chapter 22 Halogenated Hydrocarbons (pages 438–469):
Chapter 23 Halogens, Halogen Oxides, and Interhalogen Compounds (pages 470–483):
Chapter 24 Heterocyclic Compounds (pages 484–495):
Chapter 25 Hydrocarbons, Aliphatic and Alicyclic (pages 496–515):
Chapter 26 Hydrocarbons, fragrant (pages 516–536):
Chapter 27 business Solvents (pages 537–550):
Chapter 28 Isocyanates, natural (pages 551–567):
Chapter 29 Ketones (pages 568–591):
Chapter 30 steel Acetylides and Fulminates (pages 592–597):
Chapter 31 steel Alkoxides (pages 598–601):
Chapter 32 steel Alkyls (pages 602–612):
Chapter 33 steel Azides (pages 613–621):
Chapter 34 steel Carbonyls (pages 622–629):
Chapter 35 steel Hydrides (pages 630–642):
Chapter 36 Metals, Reactive (pages 643–649):
Chapter 37 Metals, poisonous (pages 650–668):
Chapter 38 Mustard fuel and Sulfur Mustards (pages 669–673):
Chapter 39 Nerve Gases (pages 674–690):
Chapter forty Nitro Explosives (pages 691–703):
Chapter forty-one Oxidizers (pages 704–714):
Chapter forty two Particulates (pages 715–718):
Chapter forty three Peroxides, natural (pages 719–740):
Chapter forty four insecticides and Herbicides: type, constitution, and research (pages 741–745):
Chapter forty five insecticides, Carbamate (pages 746–761):
Chapter forty six insecticides, Organochlorine (pages 762–781):
Chapter forty seven insecticides, Organophosphorus (pages 782–803):
Chapter forty eight Herbicides, Chlorophenoxy Acid (pages 804–810):
Chapter forty nine Herbicides, Triazine (pages 811–816):
Chapter 50 Herbicides, Urea (pages 817–820):
Chapter fifty one Phenols (pages 821–833):
Chapter fifty two Phosphorus and Its Compounds (pages 834–853):
Chapter fifty three Polychlorinated Biphenyls (pages 854–862):
Chapter fifty four Radon and Radioactive elements (pages 863–866):
Chapter fifty five Sulfate Esters (pages 867–871):
Chapter fifty six Sulfur?Containing Organics (Miscellaneous) (pages 872–881):
Chapter fifty seven Miscellaneous elements (pages 882–898):

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Extra info for A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition

Sample text

Aromatic hydrocarbons are narcotics. Benzene exhibits both acute and chronic toxicity. The chronic effects — anemia, abnormal increase in blood lymphocytes, and decrease in the number of blood platelets — are more serious. Some of the polynuclear aromatics are carcinogens. Substitution of hydrogen atoms in the organic structures with halogen atoms — chlorine or bromine — imparts very different toxic properties to the molecules. Organohalide compounds show toxicity that varies in symptoms and severity from one class of compounds to others.

Similarly, fluoride and other anions undergo ion exchange with hydroxide and accumulate in the bone. Such ion exchange takes place between ions of similar charges and radii. After being absorbed and distributed in the organism, chemicals may be excreted, either as the parent compounds or as their metabolites and/or their conjugate adducts. The principal excretory organs are the kidney, liver, and lungs. There are also a number of minor routes of excretion. B DETOXICATION AND BIOACTIVATION Many chemicals absorbed into various parts of the body may undergo metabolic transformation.

ODOR Many studies have shown that the bioconcentrations or bioaccumulations of several substances in marine species follow linear relationships with their partition coefficients. The term bioconcentration refers to the ratio of the concentration of the substance between the muscle of the species and the surrounding water. Equations have been proposed to predict such bioconcentrations of many toxicants in fishes and other marine species. Such equations relate to log Poct and are in good agreement with experimental measurements.

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A Comprehensive Guide to the Hazardous Properties of Chemical Substances, Third Edition by Pradyot Patnaik


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