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By Auguste Comte, J. H. Bridges, Frederic Harrison

ISBN-10: 1108000649

ISBN-13: 9781108000642

In A normal View of Positivism French thinker Auguste Comte (1798-1857) offers an outline of his social philosophy often called Positivism. Comte, credited with coining the time period 'sociology' and one of many first to argue for it as a technological know-how, is anxious with reform, growth and the matter of social order in society. during this English version of the paintings, released in 1865, he addresses the sensible difficulties of imposing his philosophy or doctrine, as he additionally refers to Positivism, into society. He believes that society evolves via a chain of levels which are governed by way of social legislation and culminate in a solid type of social existence. in this reorganisation of society, on the way to locate its maximum supporters between girls and the operating type, a 'new ethical strength' will emerge. below the motto 'love, order and growth' Comte needs humanism to switch organised faith because the item of non secular worship.

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But, however great the value of Positive doctrine in pointing out the unchangeable aspects of the universal Order, what we have principally to consider are the numerous departments in which that order admits of artificial modifications. Here lies the most important sphere of human activity. The only phenomena, indeed, which we are wholly unable to modify are the simplest of all, the phenomena of the Solar System which we inhabit. It is true that now that we know its laws we can easily conceive them improved in certain respects; but to whatever degree our power over nature may extend, we shall never be able to produce the slightest change in them.

There is another point of view which may assure us that the position given to the heart under the new system will involve no danger to the growth of intellect. Love, when real, ever desires light, in order to attain its ends. The influence of true feeling is as favourable to sound thought as to wise activity. Our doctrine, therefore, is one which renders hypocrisy and oppression alike impossible. And it now stands forward as the result of all fietivj the efforts of the past, for the regeneration of ism* order, which, whether considered individually or socially, is so deeply compromised by the anarchy of the present time.

That order, as is generally known, is determined by the decreasing generality, or what comes to the same thing, by the increasing complexity of the phenomena; the more complex being naturally dependent upon those that are more simple and less special. Arranging the sciences according to this mutual relation, we find them grouped naturally in six primary divisions : Mathematics, Astronomy, Physics, Chemistry, Biology, and Sociology. Each passes through the three phases of development before the one succeeding it.

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A General View of Positivism by Auguste Comte, J. H. Bridges, Frederic Harrison


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