By Patti Gaal-Holmes
This finished old account demonstrates the wealthy variety in Seventies British experimental filmmaking, appearing as a sort of reclamation for motion pictures and filmmakers marginalized inside of validated histories. An necessary ebook for practitioners, historians and critics alike, it presents new interpretations of this wealthy and numerous history.
checklist of Tables
checklist of Abbreviations
1 Questions of History
Historiography and historical past via curation
Accessibility to films
Whose background can we need?
The 'return to image' thesis
2 Institutional Frameworks and Organisational Strategies
self reliant Film-Maker's organization (IFA)
the humanities Council nice Britain (ACGB) and the British movie Institute (BFI)
The Attenborough Enquiry
crew investment and different alternatives
Nineteen Seventies screenings
three Experimental movie and different visible Arts
Conceptualism, modernism and methods to filmmaking
'Black box' or 'white cube' and anti- commodification
Jarman's portray, romanticism and 'sensuous' film
color box portray and Cubism
Optical painting/optical film
movie and photography
Drawing on film
Land paintings and panorama in film
four Visionary, Mythopoeia and Diary Films
Contexts for filmmaking
New concerns for Seventies British films
Psycho-dramatic trance, lyrical and mythopoeia in British films
fireplace within the Water (1977)
Vibration (1975) and Anti-Clock (1979)
the opposite aspect of the beneath (1972) and valuable Bazaar (1976)
Invocation of My Demon Brother (1969) and Rayday movie (1968–70 and 1976)
Lucifer emerging ( 1970–1981), within the Shadow of the sunlight ( 1974–81) and The artwork of Mirrors (1973)
British 'diary' films
B. S. Johnson
five Experiments with constitution and Material
Theoretical views for filmmaking: Sitney, Le Grice and Gidal
Distinctively British experimentation and the LFMC
Consolidating structural and fabric filmmaking: Le Grice and Gidal
the target and/or subjective ' camera-eye': Gidal and Brakhage
Anticipation via photo construction
Humour, play and sound/image
Sound as narrative formation
evaluations of the formal ideological position
6 girls and Film
Political and theoretical frameworks for filmmaking
Questions of a female aesthetic
variety in women's filmmaking
The gendered movie text
a female aesthetic of ephemerality
background, language and ideology
end: (Re)cognitions and (Re)considerations for This History
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Extra resources for A History of 1970s Experimental Film: Britain's Decade of Diversity
Peter Gidal coins the term structural-materialism for the direction taken by British filmmakers during the 1960s and early 1970s. Questions of History 33 • The strict ‘formalism’ of structuralist filmmaking is not totally abandoned but a ‘representational’ element is reintegrated, as exemplified by the ‘landscape films’ of the 1970s. 80 Knight supported her account of the problematic perpetuation of this ‘return’ with recollections from filmmaker Barbara Meter. Writing in 1990, Meter’s account provides some interesting points relating to the alleged influence of structural and formal filmmaking and the apparent ‘return to image’ at the end of the 1970s: [L]ooking again at the British avant-garde after 15 years it is as if I have plunged into an orgy of romantic images, grainy colours, decadent and dark moods and personal evocations.
Will be considered, as they shed light on the complexities of curatorial decision-making and historical analysis. The first two essays relate to the controversial ‘Film as Film: Formal Experiment in Film 1910–1975’ (1979) retrospective exhibition, and Curtis’s paper (presented more recently) focuses on the problematic absence of 1970s experimental film and video held in public collections. ‘Film as Film’, as the title suggests, focused on formal experimentation, identifying particular historical developments.
77 In a final example relating to this alleged ‘return’ I want to consider film historian Julia Knight’s analysis, as she identified some interesting points in her critique of the continued dominance of the 1970s structuralist position laid out in the Undercut journals (1980–1990). 78 Knight identified this ‘neat linear history of British avant-garde film’ as follows: • The British structuralist movement grew out of the 1960s US structural film, but developed a distinctive identity to counter the US hegemony.
A History of 1970s Experimental Film: Britain's Decade of Diversity by Patti Gaal-Holmes