Download e-book for iPad: A History of Philosophy, Volume 9: Modern Philosophy from by Frederick Copleston

By Frederick Copleston

ISBN-10: 0385470460

ISBN-13: 9780385470469

Conceived initially as a major presentation of the improvement of philosophy for Catholic seminary scholars, Frederick Copleston's nine-volume A heritage Of Philosophy has journeyed some distance past the modest goal of its writer to common acclaim because the top background of philosophy in English.

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Extra resources for A History of Philosophy, Volume 9: Modern Philosophy from the French Revolution to Sartre, Camus, and Lévi-Strauss

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It seems that its self-evidence can be interpreted in terms of a natural propensity to believe it. 41 Royer-Collard utilizes Reid's distinction in his attack on th~ sensationalism of Condillac. Descartes started the trouble by taking a self-enclosed ego as his point of departure and then trying to prove the real existence of physical objects and other persons. But Condillac completed the development of 'idealism' by reducing everything to fleeting sensations, which are of their nature subjective.

That is to say. he thought of God as necessarily manifesting himself in the physical world and in the sphere of finite selves. The world, in his opinion, was as necessary to God as God to the world; and he spoke of God as returning to himself in human consciousness. 1 Cousin denied that such ways of speaking entailed pantheism; but little weight was attached to his denial by critics who were convinced of the inherently irreligious tendencies of philosophy. To be sure, he advised philosophers to steer clear of talking about religion.

These would-be social reformers who were convinced that the work of the revolution needed to be extended, were idealists, l and their positive proposals have often been described as utopian, especially by Marx and his followers. In some cases at any rate the description has an obvious foundation in fact. If the Traditionalists had their dreams, so had their opposite numbers. :

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A History of Philosophy, Volume 9: Modern Philosophy from the French Revolution to Sartre, Camus, and Lévi-Strauss by Frederick Copleston

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