New PDF release: Advances in Cryogenic Engineering

By H. S. Yang, H. Nagai, N. Takano, M. Murakami (auth.), Quan-Sheng Shu (eds.)

ISBN-10: 1461368928

ISBN-13: 9781461368922

ISBN-10: 1461542154

ISBN-13: 9781461542155

In contemporary years, the know-how of cryogenic comminution has been commonly utilized within the box of chemical engineering, meals making, drugs creation, and especially in recycling of waste material. as a result of expanding toxins of waste tires and the lack of uncooked rubber source, the recycling technique for waste rubber items has turn into very important and commercially plausible. This know-how has proven plenty of merits resembling inflicting no environmental toxins, requiring low strength intake and generating prime quality items. for that reason, the conventional crusher which used to be used to reclaim fabrics, similar to waste tires, nylon, plastic and plenty of polymer fabrics at atmospheric 12 temperature is being changed via a cryogenic crusher. • within the cryogenic crusher, the valuables of the milled fabric is generally very delicate to temperature swap. while a crusher is in operation, it is going to generate loads of warmth that motives the fabric temperature elevated. as soon as the temperature raises over the vitrification temperature, the cloth estate will switch and lose the brittle habit inflicting the strength intake to upward thrust sharply. hence, the comminution method can't be persevered. as a result, it really is believed that the cryogenic crusher is the main serious part within the cryogenic comminution process. The learn at the temperature elevate and effort intake within the cryogenic crusher isn't just to minimize the strength intake of the crasher, but additionally to lessen the power intake of the cryogenic system.

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This vapor is then transferred via the two-phase line to gas return line. The two- Advances in Cryogemc Engmeering, Volume 45. Edited by Shu eta/, Kluwer Academic I Plenum Publishers, 2000. 2 m. The basic cooling subunit of TESLA is a string consisting of 12 cryomodules connected together and supplied by the same J-T valve. Additional details of the TESLA cryogenic system have been published previously. 1 Being able to predict the behavior of the He II two-phase flow is very important to ensure the proper operation of the cryogenic system.

30 ~ 20 • 0 ~ '- o; E ·;: c. _ 10 2 0 8 6 Vg (n1/ ) 10 Figure 10. 8 K, heat tlux 22 W/m 2} 60 50 0~ ..... 6 g/s - - ode • Experiments 6. 2 g/ ode • 30 c. ;: o; :> .... • • 20 10 0 0 2 6 8 10 gs (m/s) Figure I I. 8 K, heat flux 22 W/m2) 1015 50 45 ~ ...... , ~ 4i E ·;: c. 91 K 30 25 20 IS 10 0 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Vg (m/) Figure 12. 2 g/s, heat flux 22 W/m 2) CONCLUSION We have investigated the thermohydraulic behaviour of He II two-phase flow. The large amount of data acquired in this experiments (only the most representative are presented here) confirms the excellent pressure loss prediction given by the Hanratty model.

91 K ISO · 100 - so 0 2 0 3 s 4 6 Vgs (m/s) 7 8 10 9 11 Figure 6. 2 g/s -Hanratty 125 . e "" 100 ---- ------ -- ·--------; I 75.

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Advances in Cryogenic Engineering by H. S. Yang, H. Nagai, N. Takano, M. Murakami (auth.), Quan-Sheng Shu (eds.)

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